An Eastern District of Pennsylvania judge denied the motions of Philadelphia Ironworkers Local 401 leader Joseph Dougherty and four others to dismiss charges against them that implicated them in the creation of “goon squads.” The court found that the allegations set forth viable claims of extortion under U.S. Supreme Court precedent. The goon squads at issue are alleged to have engaged in conduct including assault, sabotage of property, arson, and strong-arming contractors to hire union labor. Dougherty and nine additional union members were indicted in February. In July, a federal grand jury added two extortion charges to the 10 Philadelphia ironworkers’ union members. Each new count attaches a maximum 20 year prison sentence.