The European Commission has announced that it is negotiating a Common Aviation Area agreement with Ukraine, which would open the European Union’s single aviation market to its eastern neighbour. These negotiations follow the completion of similar agreements between the EU and two other neighbours—the Western Balkans and Morocco. The Commission considers an agreement with Ukraine to be a priority, in part because of the substantial aviation links and increasing air traffic between the EU and Ukraine. In addition to opening markets, the agreement is expected to further integrate Ukraine into the EU’s aviation framework by requiring Ukraine to harmonise its legislation with European standards. Overall, the Commission views an agreement with Ukraine as a important step toward the creation of a Common Aviation Area between the EU and its neighbours.