Over-subscription and budgetary constraints have led to a reduction in the level of subsidies available to European farmers for energy crops (such as rapeseed, sugar beet and biomass). With their introduction in 2004, the European Commission hoped to increase the 0.31 million hectares devoted to biofuels to 2 million hectares. With applications approaching 2.84 million hectares this year and the Commission’s EUR 90 million budget depleted, farmers can now expect to get EUR 45 per hectare for just over 70 per cent of land planted with biofuel crops rather than for all land so planted. The Commission’s scheme had come in for criticism for being biased towards a particular technology as well as allegedly causing increases in the cost of basic agricultural commodities such as milk and cereals.