The Secretary of State for Work and Pensions, Iain Duncan Smith, confirmed the government's plans for a single-tier flat rate state pension at the Conservative Party Conference held on 8 October 2012. Mr. Duncan-Smith stated that a single-tier pension would be created and noted that this would mean all persons who contribute would have an income above the means test level. Earlier reports in September 2012 suggested that the government was halting the development of a single-tier state pension in light of perceived unpopularity.