DHL has lost its attempt to overturn the European Commission’s 2008 decision which found that DHL benefited from State aid in the context of regional assistance in relation to Leipzig-Halle airport and ordered recovery of the aid. DHL appealed the decision to the General Court on the grounds that technically under German civil law any illegal State aid is void and unenforceable before national courts, consequently DHL could not have benefited from the measures. The General Court (in case T-452/08) however dismissed the appeal. The fact that the benefits received might be regarded as void under German law did not alter the fact that DHL actually received the aid in question and it would seriously compromise the aims of EU State aid rules if such aid could not be recovered on this basis.