Based on the plain and ordinary meaning of the service of suit clause, the Seventh Circuit Court of Appeals found a reinsurer waived its right of removal. The service of suit clause provided:

It is agreed that in the event of the failure of the Reinsurer hereon to pay any amount claimed to be due hereunder, the Reinsurer hereon, at the request of the Company, will submit to the jurisdiction of any Court of competent jurisdiction within the United States and will comply with all requirements necessary to give such Court jurisdiction and all matters arising hereunder shall be determined in accordance with the law and practice of such Court.

Cases interpreting this service of suit clause as far back as 1949 have found such a clause forecloses a defendant’s right of removal. Although the reinsurer urged the Court should adopt a heightened “clear and unequivocal” standard when determining whether it waived its right of removal, the Court declined to do so, as litigation-based waivers are distinguishable from contractual waivers, and such a high standard should not be applied to the right of parties to contract where they will litigate a dispute.

The reinsurance treaties required the reinsurer to submit to the jurisdiction of any court chosen by the cedent “whether it be to determine the arbitrable nature of the dispute, to confirm an arbitration award, to compel arbitration, or resolve on the merits, a claim not subject to arbitration,” which included the cedent’s breach of contract claim in this instance. Pine Top Receivables of Illinois, LLC v. Transfercom, Ltd., No. 16-1073 (7th Cir. Sept. 1, 2016)