On September 15, Nippon Keidanren, Japan’s largest business lobby, urged the government to abandon a pledged 25% reduction in greenhouse gas emissions from 1990 levels by 2020, as Japan seeks to improve its energy economy after the March 11 earthquake and tsunami. The move has triggered fears that were Japan to abandon the proposed cuts the same scenario may play out in other countries, including the United States, the European Union, China, and other emerging economies. Nippon Keidanren argued that the Kyoto Protocol only covered developed countries, excluding places like China and India, and put Japan at a huge disadvantage.