Bipartisan legislation introduced in the House and Senate would allow companies to bring trade secret theft cases in federal court. The Defend Trade Secrets Act would create a uniform standard for trade secrets and allow federal courts to grant injunctions "to preserve evidence, prevent disclosure, and account for the economic harm to American companies whose trade secrets are stolen," according to a fact sheet accompanying the bills. The legislation is modeled on the Uniform Trade Secrets Act adopted by many states.

Currently, trade secret theft cases can only be brought at the federal level by the Department of Justice, which lacks the resources to prosecute many such cases. Individual states allow civil actions for the theft but "state courts are not well-suited to working across state and national boundaries to facilitate discovery, serve defendants or witnesses, or prevent a party from leaving the country," the fact sheet states.