Representatives Dingell (D-MI) and Boucher (D-VA) released a white paper today that addresses "what roles are best played by each level of government as we marshal our country’s resources to address climate change and how should these roles be reflected in Federal legislation." The ultimate goal of the legislation is to reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 60 to 80 percent by 2050. In order to reach the goals, certain factors (some of which are listed below) have to be looked at:

1. the global effect of greenhouse gas emissions;

2. the effect on the level and cost of national greenhouse gas reductions;

3. the efficient use of government and societal resources;

4. the benefit of States, Tribes, and localities as laboratories;

5. differing local circumstances;

6. the burden on interstate commerce;

7. imposition of costs on other States; and

8. stakeholder needs.

The conclusion of the white paper specifies that each level of government needs to play certain pivotal roles in the development of climate change legislation. The key factor will be rationalizing and balancing out these roles throughout the levels of government.