The Dodd-Frank Act amended the Securities Act of 1933 and the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 to include “security-based swaps” in the definition of “security” for purposes of those statutes. As a result, “security-based swaps” are subject to the provisions of the Securities Act and the Exchange Act and the rules and regulations thereunder applicable to securities. The Securities Act requires that any offer and sale of a security must either be registered under the Securities Act or be made pursuant to an exemption from registration. As a result, counterparties entering into security-based swap transactions need either to rely on an available exemption from the registration requirements of the Securities Act or register such transactions. The Dodd-Frank Act amended the Securities Act to require that security-based swap transactions involving persons who are not eligible contract participants must be registered under the Securities Act.
As a result of the foregoing, the SEC has proposed a rule under the Securities Act of 1933 to provide that certain communications involving security-based swaps that may be purchased only by eligible contract participants will not be deemed for purposes of Section 5 of the Securities Act to constitute offers of such security-based swaps or any guarantees of such security-based swaps that are securities.
Under the proposed rule, the publication or distribution of price quotes relating to security-based swaps that may be purchased only by persons who are eligible contract participants and are traded or processed on or through a facility that either is registered as a national securities exchange or as a security-based swap execution facility, or is exempt from registration as a security-based swap execution facility pursuant to a rule, regulation, or order of the Commission, would not be deemed to constitute an offer, an offer to sell, or a solicitation of an offer to buy or purchase such security-based swaps or any guarantees of such security-based swaps that are securities for purposes of Section 5 of the Securities Act.
The proposed rule would not otherwise affect the provisions of any exemptions from the registration requirements of the Securities Act. As a result, market participants would still need to make a determination as to whether an exemption from the registration provisions of the Securities Act is available with respect to a security-based swap transaction, including whether such transaction complies with any applicable conditions of the exemption. Because the proposed rule relates solely to the treatment of certain communications involving price quotes as offers for purposes of Section 5 of the Securities Act, the proposed rule does not limit in any way the scope or applicability of the antifraud or other provisions of the federal securities laws, including Section 17(a) of the Securities Act, relating to both oral and written material misstatements and omissions in the offer and sale of securities, including security-based swaps.