Last week, Senators Mel Martinez (R-Fl) and John Cornyn (R-Tx) introduced the Medicare Fraud Prevention Act of 2008 (S. 2603) that would substantially increase the amount of civil and criminal penalties for acts involving fraud and abuse under the Medicare program. The proposed law would double certain civil monetary penalties; quadruple certain criminal fines for false statements and violations of the antikickback statute and double the maximum criminal sentence from five to ten years. The bill would also increase the surety bond requirement for suppliers of durable medical equipment from $50,000 to $500,000.

A copy of the bill is available online.