Decree n°2013-409 of 17 Mai 2013 on the first-instance representation of parties before Administrative Courts of Appeal was published in the Official Journal on 19 May 2013.

It provides for the mandatory assistance of a lawyer for parties in first instance cases before Administrative Courts of Appeal. The assistance of a lawyer for parties is not mandatory in actions claiming that a Government authority has acted ultra vires or in actions claiming the enforcement of a final judgement.

The administrative authorities are not concerned by this mandatory assistance of a lawyer.