The European Union has proposed the unilateral removal of all remaining tariffs and import quotas for all but one of the African, Caribbean and Pacific (ACP) countries as part of the Economic Partnership Agreement negotiations. The only exception will be South Africa, where a number of products will continue to be subject to import duties. The EU offer covers all products, including agricultural goods such as beef, dairy, cereals, and all fruit and vegetables. The ACP countries will not be required to remove their tariffs and import quotas for products originating in the EU. It is expected that the new agreement will enter into force on 1 January 2008. Transitional periods are provided for rice and sugar only.