All provisions of the Federal Environmental Enforcement Act took effect on December 10, 2010 except for four provisions amending the penalty scheme of the Canadian Environmental Protection Act 1999, the Migratory Birds Convention Act 1994, the Canada Wildlife Act and the Wild Animal and Plant Protection and Regulation of International and Inter-provincial Trade Act.

The provisions of the Act now in force were promoted as improving the enforcement tools and sentencing authorities under nine statutes amended by the Act. These include:

  • The Antarctic Environmental Protection Act
  • The Canada National Marine Conservation Areas Act
  • The Canada National Parks Act
  • The Canada Wildlife Act
  • The Canadian Environmental Protection Act, 1999
  • The International River Improvements Act
  • The Migratory Birds Convention Act, 1994
  • The Saguenay-St. Lawrence Marine Park Act
  • The Wild Animal and Plant Protection and Regulation of International and Interprovincial Trade Act

Also now in force are provisions that direct all fines collected under those statutes to the Environmental Damages Fund from where they can be used for restoration and other environmental projects.

The FEEA introduced a new statute, the Environmental Violations Administrative Monetary Penalties Act, concerning administrative monetary penalties. The provisions of this Act are also now in force, except those amending the penalty scheme of the Canadian Environmental Protection Act, 1999, the Migratory Birds Convention Act, 1994, the Canada Wildlife Act and the Wild Animal and Plant Protection and Regulation of International and Interprovincial Trade Act.

See Canada Gazette Part II, Vol. 144, No. 26, Dec. 22, 2010, and SI 2010, SOR/2010-91. Canada Gazette