What government approvals are required in your jurisdiction for a port operator to commence operations following construction? How long does it typically take to obtain approvals?
This will vary according to the circumstances of the case but, in general, compliance with all environmental, safety and marine legislation will be required. In the case of the Vassilikos oil terminal, the entire process from planning to commencement of operations was completed in less than three years.Typical services
What services does a port operator and what services does the port authority typically provide in your jurisdiction? Do the port authorities typically charge the port operator for any services?
Concerning the services offered by CPA, please refer to question 2. In the Limassol port and the Vassilikos industrial port, which are the only ports where ownership and operation are segregated, the port authority makes available the existing facilities. The concessionaires operate these facilities and may supplement them with equipment they provide.Access to hinterland
Does the government or relevant port authority typically give any commitments in relation to access to the hinterland? To what extent does it require the operator to finance development of access routes or interconnections?
This would be a matter for negotiation on a case-by-case basis.Suspension
How do port authorities in your jurisdiction oversee terminal operations and in what circumstances may a port authority require the operator to suspend them?
The CPA is responsible for oversight of the operations of Limassol port. The specific arrangements are confidential.Port access and control
In what circumstances may the port authorities in your jurisdiction access the port area or take over port operations?
Such transactions are made on an individual basis, so this would be a matter for agreement between the parties. The specific arrangements in the case of Limassol port are confidential.Failure to operate and maintain
What remedies are available to the port authority or government against a port operator that fails to operate and maintain the port as agreed?
See question 34. Additionally, the competent authority may impose administrative fines.Transferrable assets
What assets must port operators transfer to the relevant port authority on termination of a concession? Must port authorities pay any compensation for transferred assets?
See question 34.