On January 25, 2018, the White House released its “White House Framework on Immigration Reform & Border Security,” (Framework) a brief plan proposing sweeping changes to the immigration system and border security. The Framework is divided into 4 sections: (1) Border Security, (2) DACA Legalization, (3) Protect the Nuclear Family, and (4) Eliminate Lottery and Repurpose Visas.
The first item in its Border Security section is a $25 billion trust fund to fund the border wall system. In addition, the Framework proposes additional appropriations for legal and law enforcement personnel, including Department of Homeland Security (DHS) personnel, Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) attorneys, immigration judges, and prosecutors. Other measures proposed are based on interior enforcement. These include ending statutorily-imposed catch-and-release, expanding inadmissibility and deportation grounds, and deterring visa overstays with expedited removal.
The second section focuses on Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals (DACA) legalization. For DACA recipients and other DACA-eligible illegal immigrants, the Framework proposes a 10-12 year path to citizenship with certain requirements. However, such status is subject to revocation for “criminal conduct or public safety and national security concerns, public charge, fraud, etc.”
The third section focuses on protection of the nuclear family by limiting family sponsorships to spouses and minor children of U.S. Citizens and Legal Permanent Residents, and prospectively ending all other categories of family-based immigrant visa sponsorship.
The fourth and last section focuses on elimination of the Diversity Visa Lottery Program and to repurpose visas. Claiming these programs are prone to fraud and abuse, the Framework proposes to eliminate the Diversity Visa Lottery and reallocate the visas to reduce the backlogs in family-based and employment-based visa categories. The entire Framework can be found below.