In a case which was brought to the European Court of Justice (ECJ) upon referral from a German administrative court, Advocate General Ruiz-Jarabo has taken the view that German legislation relating to the grant of aid to students unduly restricts freedom of movement. German legislation provides study grants in other Member States on the condition that the study should represent the continuation of study of at least one year in a German establishment, and denies such grants to students who live in German border towns while studying in another Member State. Mr Ruiz-Jarabo’s view is that these rules deter students from exercising their freedom of movement and constitute excessive restrictions in relation to the aims pursued.