The Government Accountability Office released a report August 16 finding that Environmental Protection Agency rules impacting coal, including the Cross-State Air Pollution Rule, the Mercury and Air Toxics Standard, Clean Water Act regulations addressing cooling water intake structures, and Resource Conservation and Recovery Act regulations on the disposal of coal ash, could potentially raise electricity prices in some regions. The report, EPA Regulations and Electricity: Better Monitoring by Agencies Could Strengthen Efforts to Address Potential Challenges, admits that it is unclear how utilities plan to respond to the rules, but says that the actions may not cause widespread reliability concerns, but rather contribute to reliability challenges in some regions, even with current tools that address price and reliability issues. The Environmental Protection Agency and Department of Energy agreed with GAO’s recommendation to jointly monitor industry’s progress on regulatory compliance, but the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission disagreed.