Bringing you regular news of key developments in European intellectual property law.

持续为您提供欧洲知识产权法律的关键更新.

TRADE MARKS AND PASSING OFF

商标和假冒

August Storck KG v EUIPO, Case T-367/14

August Storck KG  欧盟知识产权局, Case T-367/14

The EU General Court has partially annulled a decision of the Board of Appeal finding that use of a mark in connection with hard fruit candies is sufficient to support a claim of genuine use across the category of “confectionery” as a whole. The decision further demonstrates that use in a small part of the EU can be sufficient to constitute genuine use across the whole of the EU providing that such use is in accordance with the mark’s essential function, namely to guarantee the identity of the origin of the goods or services for which it is registered.

For the full text of the decision, please click here.

欧盟常设法院部分撤销了上诉委员会的决定,判定在硬质水果糖上使用商标,就足以判定在“糖果”这一整体类别中真正使用该商标. 该决定进一步明确在欧盟小部分地区使用该商标,也足以判定在欧盟全部地区真正使用该商标,前提是这种使用与商标的基本功能相关,即保证能够识别其注册的商品或服务的类型.

关于该决定的全文,请点击这里.

Universal Protein Supplements Corp v EUIPO, Case T-335/15

Universal蛋白质补充剂公司  欧盟知识产权局, Case T-335/15

The European General Court, confirming the decision of the Fifth Board of Appeal of the EUIPO, has rejected an application to register a figurative sign representing a body-builder as an EU trade mark for three classes of goods and services. In dismissing the appeal, the General Court held that the mark applied for lacked any distinctive character and was descriptive, therefore falling into the prohibition contained in Article 7(1)(c) of European Regulation No. 207/2009This prohibition aims to prevent marks from being registered where doing so would allow a descriptive sign to be monopolised by an economic operator.

For the full text of the decision, please click here.

欧盟常设法院维持了欧盟知识产权局第五上诉委员会的决定,拒绝一个代表健美运动员的、具有多种要素的标志,申请注册为涵盖三种商品或服务类别的欧盟商标.在驳回该上诉时,常设法院裁决该拟申请的商标缺乏显著特征、并且是描述性的,因此落入欧洲条例No. 207/2009第7(1)(c)条规定的禁止注册商标的范围.该禁止范围的规定旨在阻止某些商标的注册,防止描述性的标志被经济经营商垄断.

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COPYRIGHT

版权

Ranks and Vasiļevičs, Case C-166/5

Ranks  Vasiļevičs, Case C-166/5

The European Court of Justice has held that although a lawful acquirer of a computer program is entitled to resell that copy due to exhaustion of the distribution right, the same does not apply to a back-up copy of the computer program.  Even if the first acquirer’s original copy of the computer program has been damaged, destroyed or lost, he may not provide his back-up copy of the program to a new acquirer without the authorisation of the copyright holder.

For the full text of the decision, please click here.

欧洲法院判决,尽管计算机程序的合法购买者有权由于销售权的用尽而再次出售该著作权,但此项权利并不适用于该计算机程序的复制件.即使第一个购买者对该计算机程序的原件已经被损坏、破坏或丢失,他也不能未经著作权人许可,将该计算机程序的复制件出售给新的购买者.

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Performing Rights Society Ltd and Phonographic Performance Ltd v CGK Trading Ltd and Others [2016] EWHC 2642 (Ch)

Performing Rights Society 有限公司 and Phonographic Performance 有限公司  CGK Trading有限公司和其他 [2016] EWHC 2642 (Ch)

The High Court has found a nightclub manager liable for authorising and procuring infringing copyright in his premises, namely the playing of sound recordings at the club without the correct licences from the relevant collecting societies (the Claimants). The Court commented that being a Designated Premises Supervisor under the Licensing Act 2003 was not, in itself, sufficient to give rise to a liability for authorising or procuring infringement, however the Defendant was found liable for the infringing acts as the evidence put before the Court pointed to the fact that the Defendant carried out a managerial role at the club and her responsibilities included the authorising and procuring of music for the premises.

For the full text of the decision, please click here.

��等法院裁定,某夜总会经理应当为在其经营场所内允许和出现著作权侵权作品承担责任,即该夜总会经理未经相关著作权团体(原告)许可,在夜总会播放了录音唱片。法院评论称,被告作为2003版《许可法》规定的指定场所主管本身,不足以令其为允许或出现著作权侵权承担责任,而被告最终被判定为侵权行为承担责任,是因为提交给法院的证据表明被告在夜总会承担管理职责,并且其工作任务包括为经营场所授权和获取音乐作品.

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PASSING OFF

假冒

George East Housewares Ltd v Fackelmann GMBH & Co KG [2016] EWHC 2476

George East Housewares Ltd Fackelmann GMBH  Co KG [2016] EWHC 2476

The Intellectual Property Enterprise Court has dismissed a claim for passing off brought by a company making and selling retro conical kitchen measuring cups under the brand name TALA in the UK. The Defendants made and sold similarly shaped measuring cups under altogether different brand names. The Court determined that the claimant did not hold any goodwill in the shape of the cups, pointing to the fact that the evidence did not suggest that consumers knew that these forms of cups had only ever been sold by the Claimants, or that they associated the shape with one single source. The Claimant had therefore failed to prove that it owned goodwill in the get-up as of the relevant date for a successful claim in passing off.

For the full text of the decision, please click here.

企业知识产权法院驳回了一家公司声称产品被假冒的诉讼请求,该公司在英国使用TALA商标,制造和销售复古的锥形厨房用量杯。被告使用完全不同的商标,制造和销售类似形状的量杯。法院判定原告就杯子的形状起诉没有任何的善意,并指出现有证据无法证明消费者知道这种形状的杯子仅仅由原告销售,或者他们认可这样的形状有唯一的来源。原告因此未能在假冒案件法律规定时间内成功地证明其善意.

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