In a follow-up to the Supreme Court’s decision in Dell Computer Corp. v. Union des consommateurs, the “competence-competence principle” was recently considered by the Quebec Superior Court in Placements G.N.P. Inc. et Gilles Lambert c. Chan Tai Kong Kuen (Claude Chan) et al.[3] (French only) Placements GNP involved an action by several shareholders relating to the management structure and decision-making process established in the governing shareholder agreement. The defendants challenged the jurisdiction of the Superior Court, given the presence of an arbitration clause in the agreement. In its analysis, the Court held that a request for referral to arbitration must be granted if and when the conditions set out at Article 940.1 of the Quebec Code of Civil Procedure are met, namely, there exists an arbitration clause or agreement between the parties, the agreement or clause is not null, and the case is not already inscribed for proof and hearing with the courts. When all three criteria are met, as in Placements GNP, a court must refer the matter in its entirety to arbitration. If there remain unresolved issues, once the arbitrator has exhausted his or her jurisdiction, or if the arbitrator specifically remits certain matters to the courts, the general court system then becomes the appropriate forum.