On 9 February 2011, the European Commission opened a state aid investigation into Poland’s proposal to grant investment aid to Fiat Powertrain. Fiat Powertrain’s project concerns the production of new generation petrol engines in the south-western region of Silesia. This is an area which is eligible for regional aid of up to 40 per cent of gross grant equivalent, in view of its abnormally low standard of living and high unemployment. Generally, the Commission takes a favourable approach to investment projects in high-unemployment areas. However, the Commission has raised doubts over the effects on competition in this instance, in view of the high market share and production capacity of the Fiat Group. The opening of the formal investigation provides an opportunity for interested parties to comment and the Commission has said that it has not reached any definitive view on the outcome.