Two significant rulemakings of interest to the renewable and transmission sectors of the electric industry were issued by FERC in November. First, FERC issued a Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (NOPR) regarding the integration of variable energy resources (VERs) into the power grid. Second, FERC issued a directive to the North American Electric Reliability Corporation (NERC) to modify the definition of the transmission facilities subject to mandatory reliability standards.