Emerging markets immigration is coming to the fore at a time when immigration rules across the globe are becoming increasingly protectionist.
As global businesses look to developing markets in the search for new sales and customers, from an immigration compliance perspective, this raises greater challenges such as enhanced risks, procedural uncertainty and higher overall project costs.
Some of the biggest challenges of emerging markets immigration relate to the most popular emerging mobility destinations:
- Brazil has a particularly complex and protracted work permit application process, including an extensive list of requirements and documents which must be translated into Portuguese and certificated before being submitted to the Brazilian authorities for approval. The type of visa you apply for will depend on the type of work you intend to do.
- India’s immigration rules have in recent years undergone considerable change, largely in response to illegal immigration and terrorist threats to national security. The rules apply narrow interpretations of permissible business activity. Authorities are strict in scrutinising applications, specifically the nature of the commercial activity for which permission is being sought, moreso than the duration of stay.
- China presents some of the most difficult challenges for business immigration. Processes for gaining work visas differ from city to city, and mandatory requirements continue for the assignee after their arrival including, among others, a health check report and registration with the Public Security Bureau.
Emerging markets immigration compliance
Global mobility teams should aim to develop and hone their approach and handling of emerging markets immigration processes. You want to match the level of sophistication of your established mobility and compliance practices for developed countries in terms of knowledge, certainty and cost management. Ultimately, you need to develop an approach for emerging markets immigration that is compliant and meets local immigration needs, while supporting your assignees’ well-being and ensuring the commercial success of the assignment.
Local immigration rules
Building an understanding of the local immigration rules and issues is paramount. Your organisation’s strategy should give insight into specific geographical regions of interest and importance which will help you to focus your efforts and resources.
In some cases, it can be difficult to ascertain the local immigration rules. Then they need to be interpreted and applied correctly. And what you read may not actually be what happens in practice.
If your organisation has people based locally – whether HR professionals or other – tapping into their local knowledge as part of your fact finding will help to enhance your insight. It’s also the best place to start for you to build your own network of local contacts.
The intelligence you build should be documented and shared internally to supplement your existing mobility policies to ensure relevance, efficiency and impact for emerging market assignments.
Assignee and dependants’ support
Employees moving to developing or culturally challenging countries should be supported through the additional complexities of emerging market assignments, across the lifecyle of the assignment; from the initial selection process and visa application through to relocation, the assignment itself and post-assignment.
This is moreso the case for assignees with ‘trailing spouses’ and other dependants. Emerging market assignments not only present some of the most acute cultural challenges for this cohort, they also raise more trying immigration complications, for example, securing concurrent visas for all individuals concerned. Here, the complexities of emerging markets mobility are compounded simply by nature of there being more people to process correctly, often leading to delays.
Higher compliance costs
Typically you should expect budgets for emerging market mobility to be higher than for developed market assignments – at least initially. Consider it part and parcel of the required investment of moving into new and unfamiliar markets.
There will be ‘front loaded’ costs of the first waves into new markets, while your processes and policies, contacts and knowledge are developed and refined.
Providing additional levels of internal support for emerging market assignees as part of your mobility programme will also have cost implications. These should however reduce in time as internal knowledge and process efficiencies improve.
Changing local immigration rules
What will remain uncertain are the changing immigration requirements of different countries. Currently, we are seeing governments across the globe take increasingly strict stances towards business immigration to protect their domestic labour markets and tackle illegal migration.
Government fees change, specific local requirements change, such as sponor licence fees or stipulations of ratios of foreign to domestic workers. So you must ensure your polices and processes remain up to date and relevant to current local rules and interpretations, or you will face problems with securing permission to work locally.
It’s an area of constant change that you have to keep pace with to ensure local compliance and ultimately to facilitate the commercial success of your assignments.