On 21 December 2010 the Moldovan Government adopted the Decision "on Agency for Energy Efficiency" and approved the Regulation "on organization and functioning of the Agency for Energy Efficiency" (GD 1173/2010). The chief mandate of the Agency for Energy Efficiency (the Agency) is to ensure the accomplishment of the objectives from the National Programme "on improvement of the energy efficiency". Further, it will supervise the evolution of energy efficiency and renewable energy in the country.

The Agency replaces the former Moldovan National Agency on Energy Conservation, established in 2002 and now deemed inefficient.

The Agency shall be subordinated to the Moldovan Ministry of Economy. Its funding shall come entirely from the Moldovan national public budget. The Agency shall be coordinated and represented by a general director and a deputy general director, both appointed and dismissed by order of the Minister of Economy. Pursuant to GD 1173/2010 a number of services shall exist to support the Agency’s management (e.g. responsible for renewable energy, energy efficiency, accounting, etc.).

Given the goals on renewable energy and energy efficiency established in Act No. 160/2007 "on renewable energy" and Act No. 142/2010 "on energy efficiency", the Agency’s establishment seems to be a step towards the fulfillment of the objectives on renewables, i.e. to reach a relative share of renewable energy of 20% from overall production by 2020. To eet these goals, in the period 2010 – 2012 the Agency shall prepare the secondary legislation on renewables and energy efficiency.

In parallel, the Agency shall contribute to the education of specialists in the field of energy efficiency and renewable energy. In this respect, the Agency, together with the Ministry of Education, shall approve the education programmes for experts, auditors and managers in energy. Further, the Agency shall keep the registers of energy auditors and carried energy audits. It shall also authorize natural persons and companies to perform energy audits. Moreover, it shall fall under the competence of the Agency to coordinate the programmes and plans of action prepared by the Moldovan local authorities, as well as energy efficiency programmes financed by international organizations based on governmental agreements. It shall also approve projects on energy efficiency and on exploitation of renewable resources partially or totally financed by the national public budget, local budgets or from the Energy Efficiency Fund.

The establishment of the Agency raises a number of questions on whether the structure shall be successful in carrying out an efficient policy to reach its goals, on the one hand, and to be investor-friendly, on the other hand. Whether the expectations in relation with the Agency’s activities are realistic shall soon be seen. It is expected that the management of the Agency shall soon be appointed.