The Nuclear Regulatory Commission’s (NRC’s) Japan Task Force has issued a report recommending more stringent regulations and safety reforms for U.S. nuclear reactors. Among other things, the report advocates (i) requiring plants to reevaluate and upgrade as necessary their design-basis and flooding protection of structures, systems and components for each operating reactor every 10 years; (ii) strengthening the ability of reactors to withstand natural events—such as floods, hurricanes and earthquakes—by establishing procedures to address core and spent fuel cooling and the need for offsite resources to be delivered to support uninterrupted core and pool cooling; (iii) requiring additional instrumentation and seismically protected systems to provide additional cooling water to spent fuel pools if necessary; and (iv) strengthening and integrating onsite emergency response capabilities.