• Recommendations in relation to the initiation of preliminary ruling proceedings further to the new Rules of Procedure for the CJEU

Following on from the adoption, on 25 September 2012, by the Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU) of new Rules of Procedure entered into force on 1 November 2012, some recommendations addressed to national courts and tribunals have been published in the Official Journal of the European Union dated 6 November 2012. Those recommendations replace the information note on references from national courts for a preliminary ruling.