The directive 2012/29/EU of 25 October 2012 – establishing minimum standards on the rights, support and protection of victims of crime, and replacing Council Framework Decision 2001/220/JHA – was published in the Official Journal of the European Union of 14 November 2012. These provisions determine the minimum standards on the rights of victims of crime throughout the Union, notably the right to understand and to be understood, the right to information, interpretation and translation, and so on. The directive applies in relation to criminal offences committed in the Union and to criminal proceedings that take place in the Union. Member States shall bring into force the provisions necessary to comply with this directive by 16 November 2015.