On July 6, 2010, legislation was introduced to modify several provisions of the Russian Civil Code. These legislative changes could be significant for franchisors. Currently, franchise agreements must be registered with Rospatent, the Russian Patent Office. The registration process is complicated, time consuming and expensive. The proposed legislation would allow franchise agreements to become effective without registration under certain conditions. Among other changes, the proposed law would eliminate a franchisor’s joint and several direct liability for its franchisee’s actions and clarify that Russian law permits resale price maintenance in franchised systems.