On July 15, the Electronic Payments Association (NACHA), the organization that manages the ACH Network, issued a bulletin that describes the provisions of NACHA’s operating rules regarding the “reinitiation” of returned ACH debit entries and the collection of return fees. With respect to the “reinitiation” of returned ACH debit entries the bulletin outlines the limited circumstances under which the rules permits originators and originating depository financial institutions (ODFIs) to reinitiate returned entries. First, an originator or an ODFI may reinitiate a returned entry up to two times if the entry was returned for reasons of insufficient or uncollected funds. Second, an originator or an ODFI may reinitiate a returned entry for reason of stop payment, but only if the receiver of the entry reauthorized the reinitiation after the return of the original entry. Finally, unless authorization has been revoked, an originator or an ODFI may reinitiate an entry returned for any other reason, as long as the originator or ODFI has corrected or remedied the reason for the return. In instances where authorization has been revoked, an originator or ODFI may not be reinitiated. Additionally, in order for a reinitiation of a returned entry to take place within the ACH Network, it must take place within 180 days of the settlement date of the original entry. With respect to the collection of return fees, the bulletin explains that (i) a return fee entry may be initiated only to the extent permitted by applicable law, and only for an entry that was returned for reasons of insufficient or uncollected funds; (ii) originators and ODFIs must provide specific prior notice prior to charging return fees; (iii) return fees must be specifically labeled as return fees in any entry description; (iv) only one return fee may be assessed with respect to any returned entry; and (v) a return fee may not be assessed with respect to the return of a return fee entry (i.e., no “fees on fees”).