The European Commission and the United Arab Emirates (UAE) have signed an aviation agreement allowing European airlines to fly between the UAE and any EU Member State. This horizontal aviation agreement does not replace the bilateral agreements currently in place between EU Member States and the UAE, but brings them in line with EU law by removing the nationality restrictions contained in bilateral air services agreements. About 600 air services agreements have already been modified by the combined efforts of the European Commission and EU Member States to replace nationality rules with the principle of EU airline designation. The UAE is the first country in the Gulf region to sign such an agreement.