The International Organization for Standardization (ISO) has released a technical report designed to help companies and other facilities evaluate the risks posed by the nanomaterials they make, process or distribute. The ISO report recommends a six-step evaluation process and answers specific questions to assist with implementation.

The report recommends (i) describing the nanomaterials and their intended applications; (ii) developing profiles that describe the nanonmaterials’ physical and chemical properties, their inherent environmental, health and safety hazards, and their potential exposure to people or the environment throughout their life cycle; (iii) evaluating risks; (iv) developing risk-management options; (v) deciding whether to continue the development and/or use of a nanomaterial or to gather information and document that decision; and (vi) periodically reviewing information about the nanomaterials to determine whether risks have changed.