The Bureau of Industry and Security (BIS) of the U.S. Department of Commerce (Commerce) has added Huawei Technologies Co. Ltd. and 68 of its Chinese and global non-US affiliates (the Huawei Group) to the BIS Entity List.[i]
Additions to the BIS Entity List are decided by a multiagency End-User Review Committee (ERC), which is comprised of officials from the Departments of Commerce, Defense, State and Energy. The decision on May 21, 2019, to add the Huawei Group affiliates to the BIS Entity List stems from information made available by Commerce to the ERC that provides it with a reasonable basis to conclude that the Huawei Group is engaging in activities contrary to U.S. national security or foreign policy interests.[ii] This information includes activities set forth in the 13-point indictment filed in January 2019 by the U.S. Justice Department against Huawei Technologies Co. Ltd., its affiliates, and Skycom, alleging they intentionally violated the U.S. Iranian Sanctions Program administered by the U.S. Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC).
Export License Requirement Imposed. Effective May 16, 2019, the BIS imposes an export license requirement for all "U.S. Items" exported, re-exported from a third-country, or transferred within the same country to a Huawei Group company (Huawei Group Transactions). "U.S. Items" means: (a) any physical commodities, software, or technology in the U.S. or of U.S. origin, (b) such items moving in-transit through the U.S. from one foreign country to another, (c) foreign items incorporating or bundled with U.S. Items,[iii] and (d) certain foreign-made items that are direct products of U.S. origin technology or software.[iv] The BIS presumption is that such export license applications for Huawei Group Transactions will be denied. Excluded from such export license requirements are U.S. Items en route aboard a carrier to a port of export or re-export by May 16, 2019 under actual orders.[v]
Temporary General License Issued. While the original BIS rule states that there are no exceptions to this export license requirement for Huawei Group Transactions, to facilitate U.S. and foreign businesses in making a transition, the BIS issued a temporary general license (Temporary General License), [vi] effective from May 20, 2019 through August 19, 2019, that authorizes:
- Continued Operation of Existing Networks and Equipment: Authorized are Huawei Group Transactions necessary to maintain and support existing and currently fully operational networks and equipment (including software updates and patches) under binding contracts with a Huawei Group company that were in place on or before May 16, 2019.
- Support to Existing Handsets: Authorized are Huawei Group Transactions necessary to provide service and support (including software updates or patches) to existing Huawei handsets available to the public on or before May 16, 2019.
- Cybersecurity Research and Vulnerability Disclosure: Authorized are Huawei Group Transactions comprised of disclosures made to Huawei Group companies of specific information on security vulnerabilities in items owned, possessed or controlled by Huawei Group companies as part of ongoing security research critical to maintaining the integrity and reliability of existing and currently fully operational networks and equipment, as well as handsets.
- Engagement as Necessary for Development of 5G Standards by a Duly Recognized Standards Body: Authorized are Huawei Group Transactions constituting engagement with the Huawei Group personnel on 5G Network standards development as part of a recognized international standards setting body.[vii]
Proper use of the Temporary General License authorizes a company to engage in those Huawei Group Transactions listed above without submitting a specific export license application to the BIS.[viii] All Huawei Group Transactions outside of those listed above remain subject to the export license requirement.
Certification Statement Required. Each exporter, re-exporter or in-country transferor must prepare and retain a certification statement prior to engaging in a Huawei Group Transaction in reliance upon the Temporary General License (Certification Statement). In order to rely upon the Temporary General License, the Certification Statement must specify how the proposed Huawei Group Transaction meets the scope of the Temporary General License.
The addition of the Huawei Group to the BIS Entity List will have a significant and comprehensive impact on U.S. and foreign companies providing U.S. Items to the Huawei Group. Affected U.S. and foreign companies must immediately cease providing U.S. Items as part of Huawei Group Transactions, assess whether reliance upon the Temporary General License is warranted, and implement proactive procedures to ensure compliance with this Commerce action.
Should you have questions about the potential impact of the addition of the Huawei Group to the BIS Entity List, including: (a) those Huawei affiliates included in the Huawei Group, (b) particular transactions considered Huawei Group Transactions, (c) qualifying for and using the Temporary General License, (d) drafting and executing the Certification Statement, or (e) implementing other trade compliance measures that are immediately required, please contact the Miller Canfield Export Control Practice Group.