On June 17, 2014, the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) published a notice making changes to the Medicare payment adjustment for low-volume hospitals and to the Medicare-dependent hospital (MDH) program under the inpatient prospective payment system (IPPS). The adjustments, which were mandated by the Protecting Access to Medicare Act of 2014, apply to the second half of fiscal year (FY) 2014, or April 1, 2014 through September 30, 2014. The payment adjustments are expected to increase overall IPPS payments in FY 2014 by $227 million (an additional 0.24%) compared to the previous estimate of FY 2014 payments to all IPPS hospitals published in the IPPS final rule for FY 2014. Specifically, CMS estimates that approximately 600 hospitals qualifying as low-volume hospitals through September 30, 2014 will experience an increase in payments of approximately $161 million compared to CMS’s earlier estimate in the FY 2014 IPPS final rule, and 118 MDHs will experience an overall increase of approximately $66 million compared to CMS’s estimate in the final IPPS rule.