On May 13, 2014, the Department of State's Directorate of Defense Trade Controls (DDTC) and the Department of Commerce's Bureau of Industry and Security (BIS) concurrently published final rules amending the International Traffic in Arms Regulations (ITAR) and the Export Administration Regulations (EAR) for Satellites and related items. The changes to the controls on radiation-hardened microelectronic microcircuits take effect 45 days after the publication date, while the remainder of the changes takes effect 180 days after publication.
This revision moves communication satellites that do not contain classified components; remote sensing satellites with certain performance parameters; any spacecraft parts, components, accessories, attachments, equipment, or systems that are not specifically identified in the revised category; and most radiation-hardened microelectronic microcircuits from the United States Munitions List (USML) to the Commerce Control List (CCL).
The rule also allows satellites controlled on the CCL that incorporate certain parts and components controlled by the USML to remain CCL-controlled, if certain conditions are met. It also removes from the USML certain spacecraft, while supporting the U.S. National Space Policy, by creating conditions that allow the U.S. Government to more easily host payloads on commercial satellites.