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Penalties

Individuals

What penalties are available to the courts for violations of corruption laws by individuals?

The penalties for violations of anti-bribery laws vary depending on the offence.

Penalties under the Penal Code

For a natural person convicted of the offence of giving, offering or promising to give a bribe to a Japanese public official, the Penal Code provides for a penalty of up to three years’ imprisonment or a fine of up to Y2.5 million.

For a Japanese public official convicted of the offence of accepting, soliciting or promising to accept a bribe in connection with their duties, the Penal Code provides for a penalty of up to five years’ imprisonment.  

Penalties under the Unfair Competition Prevention Act

For a natural person convicted of the offence of bribing a foreign official, the Unfair Competition Prevention Act provides for a penalty of up to five years’ imprisonment, a fine of up to Y5 million or both.

Companies or organisations

What penalties are available to the courts for violations of corruption laws by companies or organisations?

Corporations are not liable for penalties under the Penal Code for bribery.

However, under the Unfair Competition Prevention Act , where an employee, agent, officer or director of a company or organisation breaches the anti-bribery provisions of the act in connection with the company or organisation's business, the company or organisation may be subject to a penalty of a fine of up to Y300 million.

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