On Oct. 1, 2017, the controversial Network Enforcement Act (Netzwerkdurchsetzungsgesetz, NetzDG) became effective. Social networks are now obliged to provide an easily recognizable, directly accessible, and permanently available procedure to users with respect to complaints received concerning allegedly unlawful content. Further, social networks now have to remove or block obviously illegal content, such as hate speech, defamation, and incidents of violence within 24 hours after receipt of the notice or face heavy fines. NetzDG applies to all social networks that offer their services in Germany and have more than two million registered users in Germany. Any telemedia service will qualify as social network if it operates profit-orientated internet platforms which are designed to enable users to share any content with other users or to make such content available to the public.