Each year, OSHA targets establishments for inspection based on job-related injury and illness information obtained from its Data Initiative survey. The 2009 survey was sent to approximately 100,000 establishments that OSHA believes typically have higher than average occupational injury and illness rates. Based on 2009 survey results, OSHA recently released its Site-Specific Targeting Plan for 2010 (SST 10 Plan), which focuses heavily on manufacturing establishments that employ 40 or more people. OSHA will also randomly inspect establishments that did not respond to the 2009 Data Initiative survey.
The SST 10 Plan uses Days Away, Restricted and Transfer (DART) and Days Away From Work Injury and Illness (DAFWII) rates to select establishments for potential inspection by OSHA. DART rates refer to cases involving days away from work, restricted work activity, and job transfers. The DAFWII rate is the number of cases that involve days away from work per 100 full-time equivalent employees. Establishments with the following DART and DAFWII rates are the primary focus for potential OSHA inspections:
- Manufacturing establishments with a DART rate at or above 7.0, or a DAFWII rate at or above 5.0 (approximately 3,300 sites initially selected).
- Non-manufacturing establishments (except for nursing and personal care facilities) with a DART rate at or above 15.0, or a DAFWII rate at or above 14.0 (approximately 500 sites initially selected).
- Nursing and personal care facilities – Establishments in SIC code 805 with a DART rate at or above 16.0, or a DAFWII rate at or above 13.0 (approximately 300 sites initially selected).
Although 2009 survey results are already being reviewed by OSHA, employers should get their workplace safety affairs in order for future surveys by decreasing their DART and DAFWII rates. Doing so will benefit both employers and employees.