Although Turkey is not a party to the Kyoto protocol, it has signed the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change and is committed to managing greenhouse gas emissions. Turkey’s goal is to maintain emissions at the 1990 level. In light of this, Turkey enacted its first specific renewable energy law in 2005 (the Renewables Law), although there are also provisions relating to renewable energy in the Turkish Electricity Market Law and in secondary legislation.
The purposes of the Renewables Law is “to expand the use of renewable energy resources for generating electricity and to benefit from these resources in a secure, economic and qualified manner; and to increase the diversification of energy resources, reduce greenhouse gas emissions, assess waste products, protect the environment and develop the related manufacturing sector to realise these objectives”.
The Renewables Law covers generation from wind and hydro (including river and tidal energy), and contains various incentives, including a requirement on retail suppliers of power to source a specified percentage of their power from renewable sources. This is backed by a certification scheme under which qualifying generators are identified and monitored.