The European Commission plans to investigate Sweden for enforcing its national data retention law after the European Court of Justice invalidated the 2006 EU Data Retention Directive.  The Commission will determine whether to take further action to address a complaint filed by the Swedish ISP Bahnhof and the 5th of July Foundation, an Internet liberty group, alleging that Sweden violated Europeans’ privacy rights under the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union.  The organizations were advised by the Commission to seek redress at the national level as well.