On 14 July 2015, a New York state appellate court held that lawyer Marc Verzani was automatically prohibited from practising law because of a conviction for failing to disclose his travel to Cuba on a US Customs form. In 2011, Verzani travelled to Cuba with a client, allegedly to assist the client in making an investment in Cuba in violation of the Cuban Asset Control Regulations (“CACR”). The lawyer and his client were initially charged with conspiracy to violate the Trading With the Enemy Act (under which the CACR were adopted), as well as obstruction of justice and witness tampering for instructing a witness to lie about their presence in Cuba. Verzani ultimately pleaded guilty in federal court in October 2013 to making a false statement to US Customs by failing to include “Cuba” in the list of countries visited on the customs declaration form that he submitted when he returned to the United States. He was sentenced to two years’ probation. The New York court held that this resulted in automatic disbarment as of the date of the conviction, because the federal crime for which he was convicted was analogous to a crime that constitutes a felony under New York state law. Verzani’s client, Adem Arici, pleaded guilty in 2013 to witness tampering in connection with the Cuba trip as well as several unrelated tax-fraud charges and was sentenced to five years’ imprisonment, three years’ supervised release, and a $7 million forfeiture.