The European Commission has issued a Communication calling for increased action to protect critical information infrastructure in the European Union. The Commission asserts that this initiative is necessary because of the European economy’s growing dependence on this infrastructure. The Communication calls for Member States, businesses, individuals and other stakeholders to take action to protect the infrastructure from attacks by outside individuals (including terrorists), natural disasters and accidents.

The Communication identifies a number of issues to be addressed, including: (i) preparation and prevention, including the defining baseline capabilities and services of national/governmental computer emergency response teams; (ii) detection and response, including the creation of adequate early warning mechanisms and alert sharing systems; and (iii) mitigation and recovery, including the development of national contingency plans and the organisation of regular exercises for incident response and disaster recovery.