The Department of State submitted a notification to Congress pursuant to the Iran-Iraq Arms Nonproliferation Act of 1992 (the Act) in which it recommends that the Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC) issue a general license authorizing downloads of free mass market software to Iran necessary for personal communications and sharing of information (e.g., email, chat, instant messaging and social networks) over the Internet. The State Department issued the notification pursuant to Section 1606 of the Act, which authorizes the Undersecretary of State for Arms Control and International Security through delegation by the President to waive the requirement to impose certain sanctions if they are “essential to the national interest of the United States.” The notification states that the general license “would be comparable to exemptions which already exist for the exchange of direct mails and phone calls,” but would exclude the direct or indirect exportation of services or software where there is knowledge or reason to know that the goods are intended for the Government of Iran. The State Department’s notification followed the December 14, 2009 introduction of the Iranian Digital Empowerment Act (H.R. 4301), which included provisions to allow the export of software and related services to Iran without a license. Some observers opine that H.R. 4301 may have prompted the Administration to issue the notification.