On 2 July, the Treasury Department announced the designation of 11 individuals and one crime syndicate pursuant to EO 13581, which authorises sanctions against Transnational Criminal Organisations (“TCO”) and related persons. The new designations target seven members of the Camorra; the Kudo-kai crime syndicate within the Yakuza criminal network; an individual alleged to act on behalf of the Brothers’ Circle; and a member of MS-13.
The Camorra is a European criminal organisation based in Italy allegedly involved in a wide range of illegal activities, including money laundering, drug trafficking, extortion, robbery, blackmail, political corruption and counterfeiting. The group was designated as a TCO on 24 July 2011. The present action involves the designation of seven individuals, including two bosses of the Casalesi clan, currently serving life sentences in Italy. The other individuals have also been convicted in Italy of serious crimes.
The Yakuza is a criminal organisation based in Japan and is believed to be the world’s largest such organisation with close to 60,000 members. OFAC alleges the group is involved in weapons trafficking, prostitution, human trafficking, narcotics distribution, fraud and money laundering. Prior to the present action, OFAC had already designated three other Yakuza syndicates and 10 individuals. In this action, OFAC targeted the Kudo-kai, based in Fukuoka Japan and believed to have approximately 950 members. OFAC also designated two leaders of the Kudo-kai, Satoru Nomura and Fumio Tanoue.
The Brothers’ Circle is a pan-Eurasian criminal group based largely in the countries of the former Soviet Union but also operating in Europe, the Middle East, Africa and Latin America. The Brothers’ Circle, according to OFAC, is primarily a coordinating body for individual criminal networks. In this action, OFAC designated Adam Sultanovich Delimkhanov for acting for or on behalf of a previously designated leader of the Brothers’ Circle. Mr Delimkhanov is a member of the Russian Duma.
MS-13 (Mara Salvatrucha) was the first transnational criminal street gang to be designated by the US as a TCO. OFAC alleges that MS-13 is involved in serious criminal activity in the United States and around the world, including human smuggling, prostitution, drug trafficking, kidnapping, murder, assassination, racketeering, blackmail, extortion and immigration offences. In this action, OFAC designated Jenny Judith Corada Portilla, the common law wife of a previously designated and presently incarcerated leader of MS-13. OFAC alleges that Mrs Portilla acts as an intermediary for her husband.