On November 23, 2015, the CPMI published a report on digital currencies. The report aims to address the various impacts that digital currencies may have on financial markets and the wider economy, such as potential disruptions to business models and the creation of new economic interactions. The report, amongst other things, deals with regulatory issues and approaches for digital currencies such as: (i) consumer protection; (ii) prudential and organizational rules for different stakeholders; and (iii) specific operating rules as payment mechanisms. The report states that coordinated approaches for regulation at a global level may be important in addition to ones taken at national level, and lists five possible categories of actions: (i) to highlight the risks towards users and investors and influencing the market through moral suasion; (ii) to regulate specific entities; (iii) to assess whether existing regulatory arrangements can be applied to digital currencies; (iv) to seek a broader approach to regulation, for example, by national regulators making consumer protection arrangements that apply to other payment methods used by consumers also apply to transactions conducted with digital currencies; and (v) national regulators banning the use of digital currencies in their respective jurisdictions.
The report is available at: http://www.bis.org/cpmi/publ/d137.pdf.