Title IX prohibits gender discrimination in federally funded education programs and activities. But it doesn’t explicitly protect transgender students. With more children openly identifying as transgender, some state governments have added protections for gender identity and gender expression. South Dakota’s legislators bucked the trend and proposed a bill that will require the board of directors of any high school activities association to seek consent of the legislature before adopting any policy concerning transgender students. The bill claims that a student’s sex is determined by the student’s chromosomes and sex recorded on the student’s official birth certificate. This probably isn’t the end of this story. If the bill becomes law, it will certainly face a constitutional challenge.