On March 22, the U.S. Treasury Department’s Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC) announced sanctions pursuant to Executive Order 13382 against 14 individuals and 17 entities allegedly connected to Iran's Organization of Defense Innovation and Research (SPND), including “three key SPND front and cover companies, and four of their senior officials.” The State Department previously sanctioned SPND in 2014 for “engaging in or attempting to engage in activities that have materially contributed to, or posed a risk of materially contributing to, the proliferation of [weapons of mass destruction] or their means of delivery.” As a result, all property and interests in property belonging to the identified individuals and entities subject to U.S. jurisdiction are blocked and must be reported to OFAC, and U.S. persons are generally prohibited from entering into transactions with them. In addition, OFAC noted that persons who engage in transactions with the designated individuals and entities may be exposed to sanctions themselves or subject to enforcement action. Moreover, OFAC warned foreign financial institutions that, unless an exemption applies, they may be subject to U.S. sanctions if they knowingly facilitate significant transactions for any of the designed individuals or entities.

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