The European Commission has launched a public consultation for companies, consumers, academics, associations and other stakeholders aimed at simplifying the current regulatory framework for cosmetics and reducing administrative costs without endangering public health and safety. This new legislation should replace the existing Cosmetics Directive of 1976, which has been amended 48 times in the past 30 years. Detailed regulation of cosmetic substances has also proven to be very difficult to administer, and compliance is unnecessarily onerous for European cosmetic companies, who are world leaders in this industry. The consultation will end in March 2007 and must lead to a new framework by 2010 at the latest. The existing provisions on the banning and phasing-out of animal-tests for cosmetic products by 2009/2013 are not part of this consultation.