On 12 November 2008, the European Commission (Commission) imposed fines in excess of €1.3bn on Asahi (Japan), Pilkington (UK), Saint-Gobain (France) and Soliver (Belgium), for their participation in a car glass cartel. During 1998-2003, the companies held regular discussions involving the allocation of tenders for supplies of glass for car manufacture. During the discussions the companies exchanged commercially lucrative and confidential information. Not only did the Commission impose the largest fine to date for a single cartel, but they also imposed the largest cartel fine for a single company. Saint-Gobain's fine was increased by 60% to €896m, due to its prior involvement in two glass cartels (one in 1984 and another in 1988). Pilkington was fined €370m and Soliver just over €4m. Asahi received a 50% reduction in its fine to reflect its co-operation with the Commission during the investigations. On 17 November 2008, it was reported that the companies intend to appeal the Commission's decision.