Following complaints by the two original licensees for 3G mobile telephony in the Czech Republic, the Commission investigated whether the grant of a licence to a third operator, Oskar (now part of Vodafone) constituted aid. The original licensees had complained that the difference between the fees that were paid for the first two licences and the fees that were paid for the third licence constituted state aid in favour of Oskar. However, the Commission found that the Czech authorities had applied the same procedure in 2001 and 2005 for the grant of all licences and that the conditions attached to the three licences were similar. Also, the Czech authorities had applied the same methodology to determine the level of the fee for all three licences. As there was no discrimination, neither in terms of procedure nor in terms of setting the licence fee level, the Commission concluded that there was no state aid involved. [21 December 2006]