The EU Commission has approved the merger of Hapag-Lloyd and UASC in the container liner shipping business subject to conditions. The main condition is that UASC has agreed to withdraw from certain trade routes between Northern Europe and North America. In practice the new merged company will withdraw from the NEU1 consortium of which UASC was a member. The Commission examined in detail 13 routes connecting Europe to the Americas, the Middle East, India, the Far East, Australasia, West Africa and between Northern Europe and the Mediterranean. In addition the Commission examined vertical links by the companies in container terminals, inland transportation, freight forwarding and harbour towage. The Commission did not find problems other than the North Atlantic routes.